Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish. Why do you think this is happening? What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?
主体段 1：垃圾增多的原因 1 + 递进解释
主体段 2：垃圾增多的原因 2 + 递进解释
背景句：I think it is true that in almost every country today, each household and family produces a large amount of waste every week. Most of this rubbish comes from the packaging from the things we buy, such as processed food. But even if we buy fresh food without packaging, we still produce rubbish from the plastic bags used everywhere to carry shopping home.
主题句：The reason why we have so much packaging is that we consume so much more on a daily basis than families did in the past.
递进解释：Convenience is also very important in modern life, so we buy packaging or canned food that can be transported from long distances and stored until we need it, first in the supermarket, and then at home.
主题句：However, I think the amount of waste produce is also a result of our tendency to use something once and throw it away.
递进解释：We forget that even the cheapest plastic bag has used up valuable resources and energy to produce. We also forget that it is a source of pollution and difficult to dispose of.
I think, therefore, that governments need to raise this awareness in the general public. Children can be educated about environmental issues at school, but adults need to take action. Governments can encourage such action by putting taxes on packaging, such as plastic bags, by providing recycling services and by thing households and shops that do not attempt to recycle their waste.
With the political will, such measures could really reduce the amount of rubbish we produce. Certainly nobody wants to see our resources used up and our planet poisoned by waste.
use up 用完
dispose of 解决，处理掉
put taxes on 征税