雅思阅读长难句精讲:定语从句(35)

发布时间:2019-07-13 来源:未知 浏览次数:116

雅思阅读长难句

Such associations can be powerful enough so that odours that we would generally label unpleasant become agreeable, and those that we would generally consider fragrant become disagreeable for particular individuals.

雅思阅读长难句专家解析

【难点】

这个句子的难点在于句子中有两个状语从句和两个定语从句。so that引导的是结果状语从句,而且是两个并列的状语从句,也就是“we would generally… become agreeable”和“those that we would… particular individuals”。在这两个状语从句中,分别有一个that引导的宾语从句。大家在分析长难句的时候要先根据连接词将子句拆分出来,然后再进行成分划分或者翻译,这样就会容易得多。

【子句拆分】

主句:Such associations can be powerful enough.
状语从句1:Odours become agreeable.
定语从句1:We would generally label odours unpleasant.
状语从句2:Those become disagreeable for particular individuals.
定语从句2:We would generally consider those fragrant.

【成分划分】

主句:Such associations [主语] can be [系动词] powerful [表语] enough. [状语]
翻译:这种联想可以足够强大。

连接词:SO THAT
状语从句1:Odours [主语] become [系动词] agreeable. [表语]
翻译:气味变得令人愉快。

连接词:THAT
定语从句1:We [主语] would generally label [谓语] odours [宾语] unpleasant. [宾语补足语]
翻译:我们普遍都讨厌一些气味。

连接词:AND
状语从句2:Those [主语] become [系动词] disagreeable [表语] for particular individuals. [状语]
翻译:那些气味变得让人讨厌。

连接词:THAT
定语从句2:We [主语] would generally consider [谓语] those [宾语] fragrant. [宾语补足语]
翻译:我们普遍认为那些气味很香。

【全句翻译】

这种联想可以非常强大,以至于让我们普遍讨厌的气味变得令人愉快,而且让我们普遍认为很香的气味变得让人讨厌。

雅思阅读长难句知识点梳理

定语从句

在主从复合句中,对名词(或者整个句子)限定修饰,起定语作用的句子,就是定语从句。
① They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down.
② The school that he once studied in is very famous.

状语从句

在主从复合句中,在句中作状语、起副词作用的句子,可以修饰谓语、非谓语动词、定语、状语或整个句子。
① Sometimes we teach our children the way our parents have taught us.
② No matter how hard he tried, she could not change her mind.

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